India is a federal republic governed under a parliamentary system and consists of 29 states and 7 union territories.India is widely recognized for its wide cinema, rich cuisine and lush wildlife and vegetation.In the mid-18th century, the subcontinent came under British East India Company rule, and in the mid-19th under British crown rule.
It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country (with over 1.2 billion people), and the most populous democracy in the world.
It is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast.
However, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, corruption, malnutrition, and inadequate public healthcare.
A nuclear weapons state and regional power, it has the second largest standing army in the world and ranks fifth in military expenditure among nations.
In the following millennium, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism began to be composed.