In the Levant, artifacts which may be arrow-shaft straighteners are known from the Natufian culture, (ca. The Khiamian and PPN A shouldered Khiam-points may well be arrowheads.The oldest indication for archery in Europe comes from Stellmoor in the Ahrensburg valley north of Hamburg, Germany.
A depiction of a larger battle (which may, however, date to the early Neolithic), in which eleven archers are attacked by seventeen running archers, is found in Les Dogue, Ares del Maestrat, Castellón, Valencia.
with the Arctic small tool tradition, about 2,500 BCE, spreading south into the temperate zones as early as 2,000 BCE, and was widely known among the indigenous peoples of North America from about 500 CE.
However, in the Middle Bronze Age, with the development of massed infantry tactics, and with the use of chariots for shock tactics or as prestigious command vehicles, archery seems to have lessened in importance in European warfare.
In approximately the same period, with the Seima-Turbino Phenomenon and the spread of the Andronovo culture, mounted archery became a defining feature of Eurasian nomad cultures and a foundation of their military success, until the massed use of guns.
The oldest direct evidence dates to 8,000 years ago.